|Course Type||Course Code||No. Of Credits|
Semester and Year Offered: I Semester
Course Coordinator and Team:N. Nakkeeran
Email of course coordinator:nakkeeran[at]aud[dot]ac[dot]in
- To introduce the field of public health, its scope, its diverse meanings, key concepts and agencies of public health practice.
- To critically discuss its constituent and associated disciplines / sub-disciplines and its interdisciplinary nature.
- To explore into history of public health along with history of associated fields/disciplines such as sanitation and epidemiology.
- To explore the evolution of public health in India and the underlying influences that shaped its trajectory
- To engage with the ethical, political and philosophical foundation of public health
Course Outcomes:On completion of this course students are expected to
- Gain knowledge on the field of public health, its scope, its diverse meanings and key concepts
- Appreciate the interdisciplinary nature of the of public health
- Relate the field of public health to its constituent and associated disciplines and sub-disciplines
- Gain a critical understanding on history of public health, with special reference to India, Europe, the US and Latin America.
- Develop a critical understanding on the ethical, political and philosophical foundation of public health
- Develop receptivity to explore and engage with diverse public health perspectives
- Competence to understand and appreciate the importance of population level orientation of public health
Brief description of modules/ Main modules:
This is seen as a course to introduce the field of public health: its diverse meanings; its constituent and associated disciplines and sub-disciplines, its interdisciplinary nature; ethical, political and philosophical foundation of public health; history of public health including important personalities and scientific and conceptual developments in public health; brief history in associated fields like epidemiology; agencies of public health practice; key concepts in public health. Wherever possible, case studies from India and elsewhere will be drawn to elucidate.The course will also critically engage with diverse perspectives in public health to appreciate the strengths and limitations of these approaches. Evolution of public health in India and the underlying influences that shaped its trajectory will also form a part of this course.
The course will be transacted in about four modules as explained below:
Module 1: Public health: its scope, diverse meanings, key concepts and agencies of public health practice
To introduce the field of public health, its scope, its diverse meanings, key concepts and agencies of public health practice. It will include critical discussion on ‘Public health approach’, ‘functions of public health’, ‘dimensions of public health’ and core areas of public health. It will highlight the distinctions between public health on the one hand and medical care and health care on the other.
Module 2: Public health and its associated fields
To critically discuss public health’s constituent and associated disciplines / sub-disciplines and its interdisciplinary nature; interphase and divergence between Public health, medicine and epidemiology; public health and its interaction social sciences, management; introduction to health system & policy, financing of health services and economics of health services; interrelationships between public health and sanitation, water, environment, occupation, nutrition and food security.
Module 3: History of public health
To explore into history of public health along with history of associated fields/disciplines such as sanitation and epidemiology; history of public health: scientific and conceptual developments, important personalities; historical trends in mortality decline, medical innovations, and debates on role of medicine vis-à-vis socio-economic development; evolution of competing systems of medicine and the dominant emergence of allopath system; evolution of public health in India and underlying influences that shaped its trajectory; illustrations from others parts of the world: Europe, the US, Latin America
Module 4: Ethical, political & philosophical foundation of public health
To engage with the ethical, political and philosophical foundation of public health from the points of view of method, content and attitude; philosophical contributions and related critiques around documents such as Bhore Committee report, Leeds declaration – 1993 and Lalaonde Report; political foundation of public health – state, citizens, rights, public goods; develop receptivity to explore and engage with diverse public health perspectives
Assessment Details with weights:
- A written assignment on any theme on public health (40%)
- Review of an article (20%)
- Notes from field observation (10%)
- End term exam or class test (30%)
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- Rosenberg, CE., The cholera years the United States in 1832, 1849, and 1866, Chicago and London The University Of Chicago Press, (1962) 1987, https://web.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/154/May13RosenbergP1to98.pdf
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